The parsonage in Salem Villageas photographed in the late 19th century The present-day archaeological site of the Salem Village parsonage In Salem Village, in FebruaryBetty Parrisage 9, and her cousin Abigail Williamsage 11, the daughter and niece, respectively, of Reverend Samuel Parris, began to have fits described as "beyond the power of Epileptic Fits or natural disease to effect" by John Halethe minister of the nearby town of Beverly. Deodat Lawsona former minister in Salem Village. A doctor, historically assumed to be William Griggs could find no physical evidence of any ailment. Other young women in the village began to exhibit similar behaviors.
Trask Town Archivist, Danvers, MAInthis notorious episode in the history of early New England began to unfold in a small rural neighborhood on the outskirts of Salem town, then the second-largest seaport in Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Several adolescent girls in Salem Village began to exhibit strange and alarming symptoms that some of their parents quickly came to interpret as the result of witchcraft. When urged by those adults to identify who had bewitched them, the girls first named several of their neighbors in Salem Village and then gradually widened the circle of those accused to include hundreds of people in Salem town and other Massachusetts Bay communities.
By the spring of the jails were crowded with suspects, and before the hysteria at last subsided at the end of that year, twenty people had been executed for witchcraft—which was treated as a capital crime in seventeenth-century New England, as it was elsewhere in early modern Europe.
This is only the briefest outline of the Salem tragedy. Indeed, the witchcraft outbreak in Salem Village is probably the single most intensively studied event in colonial North American history. What commands so much notice is, in part, the peculiarity of what happened at Salem Village within the broader context of British North American experience.
While similar witch crazes had wracked many early modern European communities and often resulted in mass trials and executions, most cases of witchcraft in colonial communities nearly all of them in New England typically involved only one suspect, and relatively few prosecutions ended in the execution of the accused witch.
By probing the underlying causes of this protracted outbreak, they hope to gain deeper insight into broader tensions and conflicts that beset a maturing provincial society at the end of the seventeenth century. For example, in Salem Possessed, Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum contend that the witchcraft hysteria registered the strains attending the emergence of a commercial economy in New England generally and the wider Salem community specifically.
|Puritanism and Predestination, Divining America, TeacherServe®, National Humanities Center||Is it true that Christians burned people at the stake, like those who were thought to be witches? Mediums and Witches The Bible does mention witchcraft and it often associated with divination, mediums, and spiritists, and where the Bible does speak about it, it is not good.|
|WENHAM, MASS:||The Steamboat Adventure Learning in Black and White The faculty and students of the Hanover College History Department initiated the Hanover Historical Texts Project inat a time when few primary sources were available outside of published anthologies. To make primary texts readily available for classroom use, they selected important documents, scanned print versions that were out of copyright, converted the scans into HTML format, proofread the resulting documents to correct OCR errors, edited them to provide page breaks, page numbers, and bibliographical information, and posted them online.|
|SALEM, MASS:||Witch hunts The events in Salem in were but one chapter in a long story of witch hunts that began in Europe between and and ended in the late 18th century with the last known execution for witchcraft taking place in Switzerland in|
In their view, what prompted accusations of witchcraft were the anxieties and resentments festering among some Salem Village families who were faltering and falling behind in a society being rapidly transformed by the quest for profit and material comforts.
By contrast, in The Devil in the Shape of a WomanCarol Karlsen argues that accusations of witchcraft both in Salem Village and elsewhere in New England, which targeted in disproportionate numbers those women who stood to inherit property, reflected the depth of misogyny within this Puritan culture.
Not only did the wealthy and learned credit such phenomena as readily as humbler folk, but such convictions coexisted easily with their devotion to Puritanism.
So your challenge is not to get their attention, but rather to decide how, at least once during the semester, you can make the most of having it all.
Most fresh-persons in my college survey—students who did not place out of taking history—are much taken with this deftly written and provocative book. The first, edited by David Hall, Witch-Hunting in Seventeenth-Century New England, includes documents and helpful commentary pertaining to all witchcraft cases.
Why was it that most of the accusers in Salem were adolescent girls and most of those they first accused women of middle age or older? What, if anything, might that indicate about the conflicts experienced by young women coming of age in early New England?
About their relationships with their mothers and other mature female relatives? What might account for their willingness to believe that seemingly respectable and godly women in Salem Village were guilty of witchcraft? Such a discussion might lead in a number of directions—acceptable gender roles within Puritan New England, tensions within Salem Village and between Salem Village and Salem town, and the range of beliefs in the supernatural.
If you decide to cast a wider net and explore the history of witchcraft everywhere in seventeenth-century New England, your best bet may be to focus on the accused witches.
She holds a Ph. Heyrman is the author of Commerce and Culture: Intersections of Religion and Society.Salem witch trials, (June –May ), in American history, a series of investigations and persecutions that caused 19 convicted “witches” to be hanged and many other suspects to be imprisoned in Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony (now Danvers, Massachusetts).
The 17th century was a time of immense change in the history of Massachusetts.. Tens of thousands of Native-Americans lived in Massachusetts prior to colonization and the area was frequented throughout the 16th and 17th century by European traders and fisherman.
Salem witch trials, (June –May ), in American history, a series of investigations and persecutions that caused 19 convicted “witches” to be hanged and many other suspects to be imprisoned in Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony (now Danvers, Massachusetts).
The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts between February and May More than people were accused, nineteen of whom were found guilty and executed by hanging (fourteen women and five men).
One other man, Giles Corey, was pressed to death for refusing to plead, and at least five people died in jail. Witchcraft or witchery broadly means the practice of and belief in magical skills and abilities exercised by solitary practitioners and groups.
Witchcraft is a broad term that varies culturally and societally, and thus can be difficult to define with precision, and cross-cultural assumptions about the meaning or significance of the term should be applied with caution.
From the site: "The Samuel Wyllys Papers are a group of 88 court documents from s Connecticut, with the official title Depositions on Cases of Witchcraft, Assault, Theft, Drunkenness, and Other Crimes Tried In Connecticut " This is an amazing collection of digital facsimiles of 17th century court documents, with a very easy interface to find and examine them. Salem Village (present-day Danvers, Massachusetts) was known for its fractious population, who had many internal disputes, and for disputes between the village and Salem Town (present-day Salem). Arguments about property lines, grazing rights, and church privileges were rife, and neighbors considered the population as "quarrelsome.". Salem witch trials, (June –May ), in American history, a series of investigations and persecutions that caused 19 convicted “witches” to be hanged and many other suspects to be imprisoned in Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony (now Danvers, Massachusetts).
The Salem Witch Trials took place in Salem in the Province of Massachusetts Bay between Historians believe the accused witches were victims of mob mentality, mass hysteria and scapegoating.