Romanticism As a result of this study, we have come into the following conclusion:
Click here for PDF version. The reformation was a religious revolution aimed to correct many doctrines and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. The reformation produced several important outcomes that have greatly influenced the world. The most immediate outcome was the protestant movement which led to a number of new Christian sects.
Protestantism was one of several factors that led to the colonization of America. It was in America that the most important outcome of the reformation was experienced - the restoration of the gospel of Jesus Christ! The Reformation in Context Europe in the early 's was a world full of change.
Though the political wranglings and uncertainties of the previous centuries still existed, the Renaissance, which began abouteffected all of Europe in a positive way. Many Europeans experienced a revival of learning focusing on history, grammar, rhetoric the art of speakingpoetry, and the sciences.
Artwork became prominent with Renaissance art producing some of the greatest art of all times. Further, one of the most important inventions of human history was made during this time, the movable-type printing press invented by Johann Gutenberg c.
Though Europeans were experiencing an age of enlightenment, much of the darkness of the previous centuries still prevailed among the populace of Europe. In large part, this was due to the Catholic Church which stood squarely at the center of life and society.
The Catholic Church owned much of the land, controlled or influenced politics, education, and the legal systems of the various states.
Also, the principles that regulated government and societal norms were derived from the Catholic Church. But more importantly, the Catholic Church maintained that the eternal salvation of mankind lay within it's hands.
During the centuries after Christ, there developed within the Catholic Church several non-biblical doctrines and practices that were at the heart of the reformation. The following are some: Monasticism - The church encouraged many to withdraw from society believing that in so doing they would be alone with God; men who practiced monasticism were called monks and woman were called nuns.
Celibacy - Monks, nuns, and priests believed they should not be married. Praying to Mary or saints deceased persons who were officially recognized by the church as holy - They believed that Mary or the saints could stand before God on behalf of sinners.
Penance - Punishments which a repentant sinner had to undergo to show their sorrow for their sins. Purgatory - The place after death where repentant sinners completed the portion of punishment for sins not completed while living.
Indulgences - A waiver from the pope that excused the sinner from doing penance and shortened the time one had to stay in purgatory.
Transubstantiation - The belief that elements of the Sacrament actually became the body and blood of Christ. Infant baptism - The belief that infants must be baptized to overcome original sin. Pilgrimages - Those who visited the Holy Land or visited holy churches with select religious relics were able to shorten their time in purgatory.
Forerunners to the Reformation The traditional date for the beginning of the reformation is October 31,the day Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses on the door of Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany.
However, prior to Martin Luther several men openly attacked what they felt were abuses of the Catholic Church. They also questioned many theological points. Chief among these was John Wycliffe c.
He attacked several theological doctrines held by the Catholic Church. One of his main disagreements was with transubstantiation.
He also believed that the Bible was superior to the pope. Because of this he translated the Bible into English so that people could read the Bible for themselves.
This was one of his greatest achievements.
Wycliffe's actions so infuriated the Catholic Church that even though he died inin the Council of Constance in Switzerland condemned Wycliffe for over crimes and ordered his writings burned.
Further, anyone who read Wycliffe's translation of the Bible could have has land, cattle, goods, and even life taken from him. Finally, inthe pope commanded the Wycliffe's bones to be dug up and burned. Another forerunner to the reformation was John Huss c. Huss was greatly affected by the writings of John Wycliffe.
He, like Wycliffe, denounced many theological points of the Church including the selling of indulgences.Reformation in Continental Europe and England and Its Consequences Essay Reformation is the religious revolution that took place in Western Europe in the 16th century.
It arose from objections to doctrines and practices in the medieval church, loss of papal authority and credibility as well as other societal, political and economical issues of the time.
The Protestant Reformation is the great dividing line in the history of England, as of Europe generally. This momentous Revolution, the outcome of many causes, assumed varying shapes in different countries. The Anglican Reformation did not spring from any religious motive. Lord Macaulay is well warranted in saying in his essay on Hallam's "Constitutional History", that "of those who had any.
The Protestant Reformation began n ; the Council of Trent did not meet until By this time, much of northern and central Europe was now protestant. In the years between the excommunication of Luther in , there had calls for a meeting of high Churchmen to reform the Church, thus depriving Protestants of one of their main issues.
Essays; The Renaissance and the Reformation; The Renaissance and the Reformation. * Writers criticized the corruption of the Renaissance Popes. * Books encouraged popular piety. * There were different interpretations of the Bible.
Reformation in England and Life of Henry VIII Henry VIII wanted a male heir because he feared that without.
Question: "What was the Protestant Reformation?" Answer: The Protestant Reformation was a widespread theological revolt in Europe against the abuses and totalitarian control of the Roman Catholic Church.
Reformers such as Martin Luther in Germany, Ulrich Zwingli in Switzerland, and John Calvin in France protested various unbiblical practices of the Catholic Church and promoted a return to. When in the late s the Catholic authorities of England tried to buy up and burn all copies of William Tyndale's English translation of the Bible, they were attempting to stop the spread of what they viewed as a dangerous plague of heresies spreading out from Luther's Germany.