Here are some facts about the English sea captain, Sir Francis Drake. His family live for a while on a boat on the River Medway in Kent.
Sir Francis Drake, born c. Edmund fled his native county after arraignment for assault and robbery in The claim that he was a refugee from Roman Catholic persecution was a later pious fiction. When Drake was about 18, he enlisted in the Hawkins family fleet, which prowled for shipping to plunder or seize off the French coast.
By the early s, he had graduated to the African trade, in which the Hawkins family had an increasing interest, and by he had command of his own ship on a Hawkins venture of illicit slave-trading in the Spanish colonies of the Caribbean.
Drake escaped during the attack and returned to England in command of a small vessel, the Judith, with an even greater determination to have his revenge upon Spain and the Spanish king, Philip II. Although the expedition was a financial failure, it brought Drake to the attention of Queen Elizabeth Iwho had herself invested in the slave-trading venture.
He was nothing if not ambitious, for his aim was to capture the important town of Nombre de Dios, Pan. Although Drake was wounded in the attack, which failed, he and his men managed to get away with a great deal of plunder by successfully attacking a silver-bearing mule train.
In the interval between these episodes, he crossed the Isthmus of Panama.
Standing on a high ridge of land, he first saw the Pacificthat ocean hitherto barred to all but Spanish ships. Drake saw that the time was inauspicious and sailed with a small squadron to Ireland, where he served under the earl of Essex and took part in a notorious massacre in July Circumnavigation of the world In he was chosen as the leader of an expedition intended to pass around South America through the Strait of Magellan and to explore the coast that lay beyond.
The expedition was backed by the queen herself. Nothing could have suited Drake better. He had official approval to benefit himself and the queen, as well as to cause the maximum damage to the Spaniards. He set sail in December with five small ships, manned by fewer than men, and reached the Brazilian coast in the spring of His flagship, the Pelican, which Drake later renamed the Golden Hind or Hindeweighed only about tons.
It seemed little enough with which to undertake a venture into the domain of the most powerful monarch and empire in the world.
Upon arrival in South America, Drake alleged a plot by unreliable officers, and its supposed leader, Thomas Doughtywas tried and executed. Drake was always a stern disciplinarian, and he clearly did not intend to continue the venture without making sure that all of his small company were loyal to him.
Two of his smaller vessels, having served their purpose as store ships, were then abandoned after their provisions had been taken aboard the others, and on August 21,he entered the Strait of Magellan. It took 16 days to sail through, after which Drake had his second view of the Pacific Ocean—this time from the deck of an English ship.
He passed along the coast like a whirlwind, for the Spaniards were quite unguarded, having never known a hostile ship in their waters. Bitterly cold weather defeated him, and he coasted southward to anchor near what is now San Francisco. He named the surrounding country New Albion and took possession of it in the name of Queen Elizabeth.
In July he sailed west across the Pacific and after 68 days sighted a line of islands probably the remote Palau group. From there he went on to the Philippines, where he watered ship before sailing to the Moluccas.
There he was well received by a local sultan and succeeded in buying spices. He was able to get her off without any great damage and, after calling at Java, set his course across the Indian Ocean for the Cape of Good Hope.
"Sir Francis Drake" uses metaphor to compare the naval hero to a dragon. False: Allusion/Simile Hayman uses a symbol when he wishes that Drake's "gifts, Elias-like" could have been passed along to . When he died off the coast of Panama in , Sir Francis Drake was buried at sea, wearing full armor and encased in a lead-lined coffin. Divers, treasure hunters and Drake enthusiasts continue to. Sir Francis Drake: Sir Francis Drake, English admiral who circumnavigated the globe (–80) and was the most renowned seaman of the Elizabethan Age. Born on the Crowndale estate of Lord Francis Russell, 2nd earl of Bedford, Drake’s father, Edmund Drake, was the son of one of the latter’s tenant farmers. Edmund fled.
Two years after she had nosed her way into the Strait of Magellan, the Golden Hind came back into the Atlantic with only 56 of the original crew of left aboard.
Despite Spanish protests about his piratical conduct while in their imperial waters, Queen Elizabeth herself went aboard the Golden Hind, which was lying at Deptford in the Thames estuary, and personally bestowed knighthood on him.
Mayor of Plymouth In the same year,Drake was made mayor of Plymouthan office he fulfilled with the same thoroughness that he had shown in all other matters.
He organized a water supply for Plymouth that served the city for years. His second wife, Elizabeth Sydenham, was an heiress and the daughter of a local Devonshire magnate, Sir George Sydenham. In keeping with his new station, Drake purchased a fine country house—Buckland Abbey now a national museum —a few miles from Plymouth.
During these years of fame when Drake was a popular hero, he could always obtain volunteers for any of his expeditions. But he was very differently regarded by many of his great contemporaries. Such well-born men as the naval commander Sir Richard Grenville and the navigator and explorer Sir Martin Frobisher disliked him intensely.Golden Hind was an English galleon best known for her privateering circumnavigation of the globe between and , captained by Sir Francis Drake.
She was originally known as Pelican, but was renamed by Drake mid-voyage in , in honour of his patron, Sir Christopher Hatton, whose crest was a golden 'hind' (a female red deer).Length: ft (31 m) on deck.
Kids learn about the biography and life of English explorer Sir Francis Drake. Privateer and pirate sailed around the world and conquered the Spanish.
Nov 09, · Watch video · Francis Drake’s Early Life and Hatred for Spain Born between and in Devonshire, England, Francis Drake was the son of a tenant farmer on the estate of Lord Francis Russell, earl of. When he died off the coast of Panama in , Sir Francis Drake was buried at sea, wearing full armor and encased in a lead-lined coffin.
Divers, treasure hunters and Drake enthusiasts continue to.
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Sir Francis Drake, (born c. –43, Devonshire, England—died January 28, , at sea, off Puerto Bello, Panama), English admiral who circumnavigated the globe (–80) and was the most renowned seaman of the Elizabethan Age.