The vast majority of industrialized countries have strict gun-control regulations. For example, Japan places restrictions on the possession and use of all firearms except in limited instances e. Canada permits the possession and use of firearms for competitions and target practice, but it forbids the possession of handguns unless an individual can show that a handgun is needed for self-defense. The United Kingdom has banned handguns altogether and limits the possession of firearms to activities such as hunting, target shooting, pest control, and slaughtering.
Corral is quiet, and it's had an unremarkable existence for the two years it's been standing—although it's about to become famous. Marshall Virgil Earp, having deputized his brothers Wyatt and Morgan and his pal Doc Holliday, is having a gun control problem. Long-running tensions between the lawmen and a faction of cowboys — represented this morning by Billy Claiborne, the Clanton brothers, and the McLaury brothers — will come to a head over Tombstone's gun law.
The laws of Tombstone at the time required visitors, upon entering town to disarm, either at a hotel or a lawman's office. Residents of many famed cattle towns, such as Dodge City, Abilene, and Deadwood, had similar restrictions.
But these cowboys had no intention of doing so as they strolled around town with Colt revolvers and Winchester rifles in plain sight.
Earlier on this fateful day, Virgil had disarmed one cowboy forcefully, while Wyatt confronted another and county sheriff Johnny Behan failed to persuade two more to turn in their firearms.
When the Earps and Holliday met the cowboys on Fremont Street in the early afternoon, Virgil once again called on them to disarm.
Nobody knows who fired first. Ike Clanton and Billy Claiborne, who were unarmed, ran at the start of the fight and survived. Billy Clanton and the McLaury brothers, who stood and fought, were killed by the lawmen, all of whom walked away. One other thing these cities had in common: This is the only known photo of 19 year-old Billy.
Back in the s, you weren't. Dodge City, Kansas, formed a municipal government in According to Stephen Aron, a professor of history at UCLA, the first law passed was one prohibiting the carry of guns in town, likely by civic leaders and influential merchants who wanted people to move there, invest their time and resources, and bring their families.
Cultivating a reputation of peace and stability was necessary, even in boisterous towns, if it were to become anything more transient than a one-industry boom town. Laws regulating ownership and carry of firearms, apart from the U. Constitution's Second Amendment, were passed at a local level rather than by Congress.
When visitors left their weapons with a law officer upon entering town, they'd receive a token, like a coat check, which they'd exchange for their guns when leaving town. The practice was started in Southern states, which were among the first to enact laws against concealed carry of guns and knives, in the early s.
While a few citizens challenged the bans in court, most lost. When a Kentucky court reversed its ban, the state constitution was amended to specify the Kentucky general assembly was within its rights to, in the future, regulate or prohibit concealed carry.
Still, Winkler says, it was an affirmation that regulation was compatible with the Second Amendment.
The federal government of the s largely stayed out of gun-law court battles. But when you came into town, you had to either check your guns if you were a visitor or keep your guns at home if you were a resident. The book, which included stories about lawless cowboys visiting Dodge City firing into the air to shoot out lights, has been called the most realistic written account of cowboy life and is still in print today.
Adams wrote of what happened to the few who wouldn't comply with frontier gun law: Crime records in the Old West are sketchy, and even where they exist the modern FBI yardstick of measuring homicides rates — the number of homicides perresidents — can exaggerate statistics in Old Western towns with small populations; even one or two more murders a year would drastically swing a town's homicide rate.
Historian Robert Dykstra focused on established cattle towns, recording homicides after a full season of cattle shipments had already passed and by which time they'd have typically passed firearm law. He found a combined 45 murders from in Kansas' five largest cattle towns by the census: Averaged out, there were 0.
The worst years were Ellsworth,and Dodge City,with five killings each; because of their small populations, their FBI homicide rates would be high. Another historian, Rick Shenkman, found Tombstone's pop: The settlements that came closest to unchecked carry were the railroad and mining boom towns that tended to lack effective law enforcement, a functioning judicial system, and firearm law, says Aron, and it reflected in higher levels of violence.
Like Bodie, California, which was well-known during the s and s for vigilantism and street violence. Historian Roger McGrath found that from to there were 31 homicides in Bodie which, according to the census, had only 2, residents. It was a time and place where rugged individualism reigned and the only law in the West that mattered was the law on your hip — a gun.Comprehensive and meticulously documented facts about gun control.
Learn about ownership rates, crime, background checks, accidents, politics, and more. Gun control laws protect children and families: Moms Demand Action, a grassroots group founded in response to the tragedy at Sandy Hook Elementary School, believes guns in America are creating a public health crisis that is attacking children, citing statistics that show nearly eight American children are shot and killed every day.
Voters in Washington State Are Poised to Pass Some of the Country’s Toughest Gun-Safety Laws Organizers hope that Initiative will juice turnout in the midterms and show that gun-violence. An Australian study found that for every 3, guns withdrawn per , people, the government was able to achieve a 74 percent drop in gun suicides.
In fact, since the ban, the country has not. Gun control is a complex issue that involves crime, legislation, and the Constitution. You could concentrate on one issue and do in-depth research on that, or use several of the questions below to focus more generally on the topic of gun control or gun violence.
The National Rifle Association is America’s longest-standing civil rights organization. Together with our more than five million members, we’re proud defenders of history’s patriots and diligent protectors of the Second Amendment.