Sri Lanka currently bans the sale of cattle for meat throughout all of the island, following a legislative measure that united the two main ethnic groups on the island Tamils and Sinhalese whereas legislation against cattle slaughter is in place throughout most states of India except Kerala, West Bengal, and parts of the North-East. Majority of scholars explain the veneration for cows among Hindus in economic terms, which includes the importance of dairy in the diet, use of cow dung as fuel and fertilizer, and the importance that cattle have historically played in agriculture. Jhacattle including cows were neither inviolable nor revered in the ancient times as they were later. According to Harris, by about CE, food and feasting on animal slaughter were widely considered as a form of violence against life forms, and became a religious and social taboo.
Its adherents number , but thousands of years ago it was the state religion of the mighty Persian Empire and one of the most powerful religions in the world.
In this paper I will tell you about the history of Zoroastrianism and its founder, Zoroaster, also known as Zarathushtra. I will discuss their scripture, doctrines, and end by examining in detail the commonalities in both doctrine and legend which will illustrate the influence that Zoroastrianism has had on more modern monotheistic religions.
Zarathushtra Zarathushtra was the founder of Zoroastrianism. There is some mystery around who he was and when lived, but he is generally accepted as a historical figure, where he fits into history is disputed.
Sources that look at archaeological digs, linguistic analysis, and social customs noted in the writings of Zarathushtra suggest that he lived between B. E and B. Adherents to the religion believe he lived as early as the 7th millennium B.
There are some scholars who would date him as late as B. Wikipedia, He was born in present day Iran to the Spitama family. He is thought to have died at approximately 77 years of age.
Zarathushtra had a wife, 3 sons and 3 daughters who eventually converted to his newly founded religion. He spent many fruitless years in his homeland attempting to gain additional convert but he met with rejection at nearly every turn.
He eventually decided to take his followers and move on to another land where he hoped he would be better received, Bactria, the land of King Vishtaspa. His teachings were accepted by the king and his wife and, Essay on zoroastrianism this point, the teachings and religion of Zarathushtra began its spread across Iran and began to emerge as the state religion.
BBC, As is consistent with Zoroastrian beliefs today, Zarathushtra did not attempt to destroy all other existing religions, rather he attempted to make Ahura Mazda the recognized author of salvation amongst the current population.
It was around dawn. The sky had just turned color and the sun was about to rise. As he had gone into the waters of the river, Vohu Mana the angel of the Good Mind appears to him, and opens the portal to the Divine Light of Ahura Mazda. This was the first moment of Illumination and the first Revelations of Zarathushtra.
In his vision, he perceived Ahura Mazda as the Wise Lord of Creation, and the six emanations of Ahura Mazda, the Amesha Spentas as the guardians and artisans of this physical world.
He perceived the laws upon which the universe operated, and understood the inter-relationship between Ahura Mazda, the Amesha Spentas, and the Creation.
Zoroastrianism first became the state religion of Persia when King Vishtaspa and Queen Hutosa heard Zarathushtra debating with local religious scholars.
From this point Zoroastrianism grew until the conquest of Alexander the Great in the 4th century B. E when many priests were killed and sacred texts destroyed.
Zoroastrianism came back to power with the rule of Ardashir, the Sasanian. With the rise to power of Ardashir, "a single Zoroastrian church was created under Persian control and a single canon of Avestan texts was created.
Some Zoroastrians fled to India and came to be known as Parsis. Others remained in Persia and continued practicing their religion despite Muslim pressure. Later attacks by the Turks and the Mongols led to the continued persecution of the Zoroastrians and the destruction of more and more of their sacred texts.
Zoroastrian Scripture Zoroastrian scripture is called the Avesta and was passed down orally generation after generation by priests. As time passed, the language of the people changed in such a way that the meaning of the teachings of Zarathushtra became difficult to understand, perhaps not unlike old English has evolved into the modernized American version we used in the United States today.
Because of this, the oral tradition of the Avesta became more of an explanation in more plain terms of the ancient script. Skjaervo, There two different parts to the Avesta. The old Avesta contains the Gathas written by Zarathushtra which consists of 17 poems, or hymns, written for Ahura Mazda and are designed to encourage people to live their lives as directed by God.
The religious view of the Gathas in the world is that "we live in as a theater of conflict between two diametrically opposed moral spirits mainyusthey stand for mental attitudes in the psychological domain, and also opposing moral vectors in all of creation.
The other section of the Avesta includes: Recited during the fire ritual. This discusses the duality of the earth. Skjaervo, The Gathas is not only a method to share the doctrines of Zoroastrian religion, but also gives a picture of the influence of that religion on the life of the prophet's family as illustrated in the Vashishto-Ishti Gatha Yasna 53 where the prophet acknowledges the goodness of his daughter at her wedding and she gives her reply to her father.
To Pouruchista, scion of the clans of Haechataspa and Spitama, Youngest of the daughters of Zarathushtra, Grant the constant aid of the Good Mind, The strong support of Thy Truth, That she may take counsel with enlightened understanding, And with devotion act well as wisdom may direct!Eugene Burnouf (, also see the reference to Burnouf in our page on Western Authors), prepared in Paris a list of Persian geographical names found in the inscriptions at Naqsh-e-Rustam, and constructed a complete transliteration of the Old Persian alphabet..
Syllabic System. Christian Lassen (), a Professor at Bonn, also . Comparing Zoroastrianism, Judaism, and Christianity Zoroastrianism, Judaism, and Christianity share so many features that it seems that there must be a connection between them. There is a great deal of Zoroastrian influence in both Judaism and Christianity.
Zoroastrianism Zoroastrianism is one of the oldest monotheistic religions in the world today. Its adherents number ,, but thousands of years ago it was the state religion of the mighty Persian Empire and one of the most powerful religions in the world.
Due to the multiple benefits from cattle, there are varying beliefs about cattle in societies and regardbouddhiste.com some regions, especially Nepal and most states of India, the slaughter of cattle is prohibited and their meat may be taboo.. Cattle are considered sacred in world religions such as Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, and others..
. Zoroastrianism Zoroastrianism is one of the oldest monotheistic religions in the world today.
Its adherents number ,, but thousands of years ago it was the state religion of the mighty Persian Empire and one of the most powerful religions in the world.4/4(1).
Zoroastrian dualism survives in concepts of hell and the devil as formulated in the Christian and Muslim religions.
Zoroastrianism is the ancient religion of the Iranian people. The prophet of this religion is Zarathushtra (Greek form Zoroaster), who lived approximately BCE in eastern Persia.