Black to white ratio data is computed from the five-year American Community Survey from the U. Census tract poverty rates are from the same dataset. Census tract shapefiles are via the U.
Advertisement The following essay is reprinted with permission from The Conversationan online publication covering the latest research. During the disaster season, three severe hurricanes devastated large parts of the U.
As a complex emergency researcher, I investigate why some countries can better withstand and respond to disasters.
The factors are many and diverse, but three major ones stand out because they are within the grasp of the federal and local governments: For all three of these factors, the U. In many ways, Americans are becoming more vulnerable by the day. Where Americans live Large shares of the U.
Hurricanes Katrina, Sandy, Harvey and Irma all hit heavily populated coasts. In fact, the vast majority of counties with more thaninhabitants are concentrated on the coast.
More than 5 million Americans also live on islands like Puerto Rico and Hawaii, where a hurricane, volcanic eruption or tsunami can be devastating. Large concentrations of people pose problems, too. To support large populations in small spaces, cities need advanced large-scale infrastructure—not only to house people, but to deliver utilities like electricity and gas, as well as to tame water with dams, levies and spillways.
While such infrastructure is impressive, its occasional failure can have grave consequences. In several of the most severe American disasters, infrastructure collapse caused substantial damage. The large cities on the coasts are consistently growing larger. Access to emergency funds In a disaster, people often need money to cover medical care, food, water and other crucial needs.
In a frustrating catch, however, access to funds can be severely limited if power outages take out ATMs and credit card terminals. But a large share of U.
Consequently, the amount of cash in circulation that is actually available to make transactions in disasters is relatively low.
The problem with access to cash to cover emergency expenses is especially acute for minority Americans. Worse still, the proportion of minorities in metropolitan areas are often far above the national average, compounding the vulnerability of minorities. In fact, in all but one of the 10 largest metropolitan areas on the coast, the minority population is growing faster than the white non-Hispanic population.
Supply chains Even if Americans do have the funds necessary to pay for critical goods, those goods may not be available during a disaster. Without access to pharmaceuticals, medical equipment and fuels, many people would die.
Sometimes the goods are produced in a single geographic area or even by a single facility. That makes the supply of these critical goods very vulnerable to natural disasters or other emergencies.
If a global pandemic affects China or India as well as the U. At the same time that production of many critical goods are moving abroad, stockpiles and storage are exceptionally low for most goods.
Goods often arrive at the consumer continuously, just in time for when they are needed.
The rapidly growing international transportation industry can deliver quickly and reliably, leaving little reason for hospitals to spend on substantial storage of most goods.
This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.Green and Myrick advocate evidence-based play therapy in conjunction with a range of different problems.
Recognizing that there is often a need for integrated therapies targeted at particular needs, the editors have assembled a range of authorities who explore a variety of techniques. Carly Hallman is a professional writer and editor with a B.A. in English Writing and Rhetoric (summa cum laude) from St.
Edward's University in Austin, Texas. She has worked as a curriculum developer, English teacher, and study abroad coordinator in Beijing, China, where she moved in In college, she was a Gilman Scholar and worked as a staff editor for her university's academic journal. Serving Vulnerable Populations Imagine you are a community health nurse assigned to care for a family with a newly diagnosed type-2 diabetic member.
The diabetic family member, JK, is a year-old African American woman with hypertension and asthma. Big Bang Theory actress Mayim Bialik published an Op-Ed in The New York Times on Friday in response to the news of producer Harvey Weinstein's uncovered history of alleged sexual assault and.
I’ve been researching generational differences for 25 years, starting when I was a year-old doctoral student in psychology. Typically, the characteristics that come to define a generation. There are two aspects of early warning system.
One is the availability of an effective technique to forecast the disaster with its extent and the other is effective communication of the same to the civil authority responsible for rescue operations.