All of this was based on a so-called "war guilt" clause in the Treaty in which the Germans accepted full responsibility for starting the war. The terms, which were imposed upon the new Weimar Republic that governed Germany after the war, were humiliating for the The Treaty of Versailles stripped Germany of a considerable amount of territory, slashed the size of the German armed forces, and imposed massive reparations payments on the postwar German government. The terms, which were imposed upon the new Weimar Republic that governed Germany after the war, were humiliating for the Germans, and contributed to a toxic political atmosphere in postwar Germany that facilitated the rise of political extremists like the Nazis.
The Paris Peace Conference opened on Jan. The delegations of 27 nations harassed the Great Powers with their various and conflicting complaints and demands. Woodrow Wilson to arrange a general armistice in Octoberit declared that it accepted the Fourteen Points he had formulated as the basis for a just peace.
The first three in particular made the important decisions. None of the defeated nations had any say in shaping the treaty, and even the associated Allied powers played only a minor role.
The German delegates were presented with a fait accompli. They were shocked at the severity of the terms and protested the contradictions between the assurances made when the armistice was negotiated and the actual treaty. The population and territory of Germany was reduced by about 10 percent by the treaty.
In the west, Alsace and Lorraine were returned to France, and the Saarland was placed under the supervision of the League of Nations until In the north, three small areas were given to Belgiumand, after a plebiscite in Schleswignorthern Schleswig was returned to Denmark.
The war guilt clause of the treaty deemed Germany the aggressor in the war and consequently made Germany responsible for making reparations to the Allied nations in payment for the losses and damage they had sustained in the war. Although economists at the time declared that such a huge sum could never be collected without upsetting international finances, the Allies insisted that Germany be made to pay, and the treaty permitted them to take punitive actions if Germany fell behind in its payments.
The Big Four, especially Clemenceau, wanted to make sure that Germany would never again pose a military threat to the rest of Europe, and the treaty contained a number of stipulations to guarantee this aim. The German army was restricted tomen; the general staff was eliminated; the manufacture of armoured cars, tanks, submarines, airplanes, and poison gas was forbidden; and only a small number of specified factories could make weapons or munitions.
All of Germany west of the Rhine and up to 30 miles 50 km east of it was to be a demilitarized zone. The forced disarmament of Germany, it was hoped, would be accompanied by voluntary disarmament in other nations.
Economic sanctions would be applied against any member who resorted to war. The league was to supervise mandated territories, the occupied Saar Basin, and Danzig and to formulate plans for reducing armaments.
Numerous concessions were made to Germany before the rise of Adolf Hitlerand by only the territorial settlement articles remained. Many historians claim that the combination of a harsh treaty and subsequent lax enforcement of its provisions paved the way for the upsurge of German militarism in the s.
The huge German reparations and the war guilt clause fostered deep resentment of the settlement in Germany, and when Hitler remilitarized the Rhineland in a violation of the treatythe Allies did nothing to stop him, thus encouraging future German aggression.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Although at the postwar peace talks President Woodrow Wilson wished above all to prevent future wars, the Treaty of Versailles, which formally ended World War I, is widely considered to have contributed to the rise to power of the Nazi party in Germany.
Treaty of Versailles comic In the 'Big Three' (Lloyd-George - Britain, Georges Clemenceau - France This comic published shortly after the signing of the Treaty of Versailles prophecies World War II and was only out by one year.
The Treaty of Versailles was the peace settlement signed after World War One had ended in The treaty was signed at the vast Versailles Palace near Pari.
Find . EXERCISE TWO. Treaty of Versailles Document Analysis 1. Is Document Six a primary or secondary source? Explain your answer. Although Keynes presented his sentiments regarding the Treaty of Versailles years after the war had.
The Versailles Treaty, signed on June 28, in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles in Paris, was the peace settlement between Germany and the Allied Powers that officially ended World War I.
Treaty of Versailles. the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in after the end of World War I which demanded reparations from Germany and blamed it for the war., the treaty that ended World War I.
Reparations. Payment for damages after a war.
EXERCISE TWO. Treaty of Versailles Document Analysis 1. Is Document Six a primary or secondary source? Explain your answer. Although Keynes presented his sentiments regarding the Treaty of Versailles years after the war had. Treaty of Versailles, peace document signed at the end of World War I by the Allied and associated powers and by Germany in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles, France, on June 28, ; it took force on January 10, The Treaty of Versailles was the primary treaty produced by the Paris Peace Conference at the end of World War I. It was signed on June 28, , by the Allied and associated powers and by Germany in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles and went into effect on January 10,