Intel has changed the global marketplace dramatically since it was founded in ; the company invented the microprocessor, the "computer on a chip" that made possible the first handheld calculators and personal computers PCs. By the early 21st century, Intel's microprocessors were found in approximately 80 percent of PCs worldwide.
For over 35 years, Intel Corporation has developed technology enablin g the computer and Internet revolution that has changed the world. Today, Intel supplies the computing and communications industries with chips, boards, systems, and software building blocks that are the "ingredients" of computersservers and networking and communications products.
These products are used by industry members to create advanced computing and communi cations systems. History of Intel Corporation Intel Corporation is the largest semiconductor manufacturer in the wo rld, with 11 fabrication facilities and six assembly and test facilit ies around the world.
Intel has changed the global marketplace dramat ically since it was founded in ; the company invented the micropr ocessor, the "computer on a chip" that made possible the first handhe ld calculators and personal computers PCs. Intel has remained competitive through a combination of clever mark eting, well-supported research and development, superior manufacturin g proficiency, a vital corporate culture, prowess in legal matters, a nd an ongoing alliance with software giant Microsoft Corporation ofte n referred to as "Wintel.
While at Fairchild, Noyce and Moore invented the integrated circuit ; inthey decided to form their own company. They were soon joi ned by Andrew Grove, a Hungarian refugee who had arrived in the Unite d States in and joined Fairchild in Grove would remain pre sident and CEO of Intel into the s.
To obtain start-up capital, Noyce and Moore approached Arthur Rock, a venture capitalist, with a one-page business plan simply stating the ir intention of developing large-scale integrated circuits. The company was incorporated on July 18,as N M Electronics the letters standing for Noyce Moorebut quickly changed its name to Intel, formed from the first syllables of "integrated electronics.
At that tim e, semiconductor memories were ten times more expensive than standard magnetic core memories. Within a fe w months of its startup, Intel produced the Schottky bipolar mem ory, a high-speed random access memory RAM chip. The proved po pular enough to sustain the company until thea metal oxide sem iconductor MOS chip, was perfected and introduced in The foll owing year, Intel introduced thea 1-kilobyte K dynamic RAM, or DRAM, which was the first chip large enough to store a significant amount of information.
With theIntel finally had a chip that really did begin to replace magnetic cores; DRAMs eventually proved i ndispensable to the personal computer. When a Japanese calculator manufacturer, Busicom, asked Intel to design cost-effective chips for a series of calculators, Intel engineer Ted Hoff was assigned to the project; during his search for such a design, Hoff conceived a plan for a central processing unit CPU on one chip.
Thewhich cram med 2, transistors onto a one-eighth- by one-sixth-inch chip, had the power of the old 3,cubic-foot ENIAC computer, which depended on 38, vacuum tubes. Theintr oduced inwas the first truly general purpose microprocessor.
The response was overwhe lming. The soon became the industry standard and Intel the indus try leader in the 8-bit market. In response to ensuing competition in the manufacture of 8-bit microp rocessors, Intel introduced thea faster chip with more functio ns.
The company was also developing two more advanced projects, the 3 2-bit and the bit The was introduced in but to ok two years to achieve wide use, and, during this time, Motorola, In c. Intel responded with a massive sales effort to establish its ar chitecture as the standard. During the s, Intel had also developed the erasable programmable read-only memory EPROManother revolutionary but unintended resear ch byproduct.
Intel physicist Dov Frohman was working on the reliabil ity problems of the silicon gate used in the MOS process when he real ized that the disconnected, or "floating," gates that were causing ma lfunctions could be used to create a chip that was erasable and repro grammable.
Since conventional ROM chips had to be permanently program med during manufacture, any change required the manufacture of a whol e new chip. With EPROM, however, Intel could offer customers chips th at could be erased and reprogrammed with ultraviolet light and electr icity.
But the microprocessor, invented at the same time, creat ed a demand for memory; the EPROM offered memory that could be conven iently used to test microprocessors. Another major development at Intel during this time was that of perip heral controller chips.
Coprocessor chips were an extension of the CPU that could handle specific computer-intensive tasks more efficie ntly than the CPU itself.
Once again, innovation kept Intel ahead of its competition. Informal weekly lunches with employees kept communication lines open while the company was small, but that system had become unwieldy.
Thus, the founders installed a carefully outlin ed program emphasizing openness, decision-making on the lowest levelsdiscipline, and problem solving rather than paper shuffling. We expect them to be here when they are committed to b e here; we measure absolutely everything that we can in terms of perf ormance.
From to During the recession, Intel was forced to lay off 30 percent of its employees, and morale declined substantially as a result. Thus, i nwhen economic struggles again surfaced, instead of laying off more employees, Intel accelerated new product development with the " Percent Solution," which asked exempt employees to work two extra hours per day, without pay, for six months.
A brief surge in sales t he following year did not last, and, again, instead of more layoffs, Intel imposed pay cuts of up to 10 percent. Such measures were not po pular among all its workforce, but, by Juneall cuts had been r estored and retroactive raises had been made.
IBM would eventually increase its s take to 20 percent before selling its Intel stock in During the early s, Intel began to slip in some of its markets.
While competitors claimed that Intel simp ly gave away its DRAM market, Moore told Business Week in that the company deliberately focused on microprocessors as the leas t cyclical field in which to operate. Despite these retrenchments, the company continued to excel in the mi croprocessor market.
While the brought to the pers onal computer a speed and power that gave larger computers their firs t real challenge, the offered even greater speed and power togeth er with the ability to run more than one program at a time.Intel Corporation SuccessStory Intel, primarily a manufacturer of semi-conductors was founded in California in by Robert Noyce, Gordon E.
Moore, Max Palevsky and Arthur Rock. Noyce and Moore were pioneers in semi-conductors. Though produced by the USA’s Intel Corporation, the Pentium was basically the outcome of a research conducted by an Indian engineer.
Popularly known as the Father of the Pentium chip, the inventor of the computer chip is Vinod Dham. For over 35 years, Intel Corporation has developed technology enabling the computer and Internet revolution that has changed the world. Founded in to build semiconductor memory products, Intel introduced the world's first micro-processor in The Federal Trade Commission conducted a two-year investigation of Intel's practices and did not recommend criminal charges against the company, but two rival companies--Advanced Micro Devices Inc.
and Cyrix Corpfiled antitrust lawsuits against Intel in History of The Intel Corporation The Intel Corporation is the largest manufacturer of computer devices in the world. In this research paper I will discuss where, ehrn, and how Intel was founded, the immediate effects that Intel made on the market, their marketing strategies, their competition, and finally, what Intel plans to do in the future.
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